Fresh install Debian 10 Linux

When I install Linux I end up spending a lot of time tweaking it the way I like it. No matter the Distribution I end up doing stuff like this. Mostly because Out of the Box is for the novice user. Most end Linux users do the same thing.

I typically start with just the base install to make sure all of my hardware is in working order such as Chipset, CPU Microcode, Networking and USB. Easier to catch the issues when it’s a plain Command Line Interface. Also much easier to redo the install to Unstable if the Kernel is too old to see brand new hardware. Unstable isn’t really Unstable, it’s just newer Software that is still experimental. For a example Ubuntu uses a mixture of Unstable and LTR (Long Term Release).

When partitioning I keep things simple and use a single Partition for everything. Now if I am doing this to a system that has Multiple Hard Drives I’ll move things around such as putting the /home directory onto a different drive. Back in the day I use to toss in a old drive just to be used for SWAP but these days I see no performance gains. A EXT4 Partition is just find and no need to go into the world of ZFS and GPT since ZFS eats RAM and GPT will bite you in the ass in the end.

After I verify everything is working I’ll edit the APT sources file and add the contrib and non-free entries, update the mirrors and upgrade. Install Xorg and whatever Window Manager I want. Currently I am giving KDE Plasma a spin and it has a few nice features but I like using the Awesome WM.

Before anything else I once again verify my Video and Audio is working correctly. I’ll run the glxgears program or just look at the OpenGL Information. To test Audio I’ll just load something up in YouTube, a few times in the past the Audio would work fine within the Window Manager but YouTube, Steam and VLC would be deaf. So if YouTube works then there shouldn’t be issues with anything else.

Now I can start adding my custom tweaks and such.

I add my user to the sudoers file and make sure the hostname for the system is final. Also install ntp if Xorg’s install didn’t include it.

apt install binutiles sudo ntp ufw fish vlc
nano /etc/sudoers

under root’s entry add
[username] ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL
Save and exit.


I start by changing the Command Line Shell. Debian uses a modified version of BASH called DASH. Works alright but after you start playing with other types of Shells you end up staying away from it. I use to use Zsh but I converted to FISH. After installing fish I then issue chsh -s /usr/bin/fish then launch it. From there I go into ~/.config/fish and edit the file and add my alias entries.

alias ls="ls -lahp"
alias dir="ls -lahp"
alias shutdown="sudo shutdown now"
alias reboot="sudo reboot"
alias update="sudo apt update"
alias upgrade="sudo apt upgrade"
alias purge="sudo apt autoremove"
alias edit="nano"
alias G="grep"
alias S="sudo"

After tweaking commands to my liking I’ll add more software I attend to use such as Htop, Bleachbit, Guake, and KDE Connect.

Over time I end up installing neofetch, screen, Arduino IDE, Sublime Text and GCC, Firefox and vBox.

Once in a blue moon I’ll screw up and spend a good few hours fixing it or just end up reinstalling everything.

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